Summary of CANCELLED
Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipeline
November 29, 2016 The Supreme Court of Canada ruled against Enbridge’s proposal based on multiple objections by First Nations and the general public!
However, Prime Minister Justine Trudeau took full credit for stopping the Northern Gateway Pipeline while announcing that he approved Texas Based Kinder-Morgan’s Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion from Northern Alberta’s Tarsands to the Port in Vancouver, BC and Enbridge’s Line 3 from the Tarsands in Alberta to refineries in Wisconsin, USA.
JUNE 23, 2016 Federal approval of the Enbridge Corporation’s Northern Gateway Pipeline was over-turned by Canada’s Federal Appeals Court.
May 5, 2016 Enbridge requested a three-year extension for the Northern Gateway pipelines and tankers project.
November 13, 2015 Prime Minister Justin Trudeau called for a moratorium on crude oil tanker traffic for B.C.’s North Coast however this has not been ratified in parliament.
December 19, 2013 The National Energy Board’s Joint Review Panel approved the Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipeline.
How Many SuperTankers did Enbridge plan to Navigate The North Coast of British Columbia?
225 SuperTankers with Alberta Tarsands DilBit by Enbridge
225 Pressurized Carriers with Condensate from China
250 LNG Carriers ‘Fracking’ Gas promised by BC Premier
Total: 700 SuperTankers
per year making return trips to/from Kitimat
4 tanker trips per day through the narrow corridors crossing ‘The Inside Passage’
RECENT EXAMPLES OF PIPELINE SAFETY:
Wednesday July 15, 2015
Largest Oil Pipeline Spill in Alberta’s history
NEXEN PIPELINE SPILLS 5 MILLION LITERS
ENBRIDGE Northern Gateway Pipeline Capacity
83 MILLION LITERS DAILY
A Nexen pipeline burst, spilling 5 million liters of tarsands emulsion, covering 16,000 square meters south of Fort McMurray, Alberta. The new pipeline, built in 2014 is double walled and is a feeder pipeline moved tarsands products over a relatively short distance from a drilling rig. According the the senior vice-president of Nexen this oil spill is only accessible by winter road and therefore it took Nexen 2 days to build a new road in order to bring machinery to the spill site. This despite the fact that the disaster is within sight of the Nexen plant as seen in the photo above. Nexen and government regulators claim the spill is contained, with no damage to water or wildlife, although a small lake is very close to the pipeline spill.
In a comparison the Enbridge Corporation plans to build the Northern Gateway Pipeline 1,170 km long across both the Rocky and Coast Mountain Ranges to reach the Pacific-Coast of Canada at the town of Kitimat. The crude oil component of this twin pipeline would have a diameter of 36 inches (910 mm) and a capacity of 525 thousand barrels (83 million liters) of Diluted Bitumen per day. The condensate pipeline would have a diameter of 20 inches (510 mm) with a capacity of 193 thousand barrels (30 million liters) Natural Gas Condensate per day. A single barrel of oil is equal to 159 liters. The twin pipelines Enbridge plans to build will have to cross more than 1200 streams and rivers, approximately 360 in Alberta and 850 in British Columbia.
ENGLISH BAY SPILL – A DROP IN THE BUCKET
The Canadian Coast Guard estimates that 3,100 liters of oil spilled in English Bay at the heart of City of Vancouver on April 9, 2015 but they are unable to determine which ship is responsible. As a comparison the Abqaiq Supertanker, a Very Large Crude Carrier (VLCC) carries 2.16 million barrels equal to 344, 449, 634 liters of crude oil. This is 111,112 times the amount of oil spilled in Vancouver. Kinder Morgan and Northern Gateway Pipelines are proposing to bring hundreds of supertankers to be loaded along BC’s coast.
Scientists study impact of diluted bitumen
spilled into ocean
Federal scientists at the Bedford Institute of Oceanography are studying the behaviour of diluted bitumen from the Alberta oil sands when it spills into the ocean.
They’re finding it poses real challenges for any cleanup. “When it begins to sink it becomes more troublesome. We have to figure out ways to track, monitor and remediate sinking oil,” says Thomas King of the Department of Fisheries and Oceans. CBC report May 21, 2015
Santa Barbara, California USA – May 19, 2015
What was originally thought to be 21,000 barrels is over 105,000 barrels of oil spilled on to the pristine beaches of Santa Barbara County where an underground pipeline ruptured and released tens of thousands of gallons of crude oil into the Pacific Ocean. According to Rick McMichael, director of pipeline operations for Plains All American Pipeline; “The spill happened after a series of mechanical problems caused the line to be shut down.The problems began about 10:45 a.m. Tuesday at two pump stations that move oil through the 11-mile pipeline along the Gaviota Coast.”
CHANGE IN ALBERTA MAY EFFECT PIPELINES
May 23, 2015 Rachel Notley was sworn in as Alberta’s Premier
Alberta’s new NDP government opposes Enbridge’s Northern Gateway Pipeline while supporting the Kinder-Morgan Pipeline to BC’s west coast. The Enbridge Corporation reacted by launching another Nation wide advertising campaign highlighting a baby, dog, and families! Enbridge is not giving up, spending millions more on this new Public Relations campaign that doesn’t mention pipelines just pulls on people’s heartstrings.
ENBRIDGE TAKES NEW TACK WITH PR ADS
HARPER GOVERNMENT CHANGES LAWS TO ALLOW PIPELINES TO GO AHEAD
Federal Environmental Laws, changed by the Harper Conservative government in 2012 with “Omnibus Budget” Bills C-38 and C-45 are presented to a public gathering by Anna Johnston, Staff Council at West Coast Environmental Law.
June 17, 2014 Stephen Harper’s Conservative Government approved the Enbridge Corporation’s Northern Gateway Pipeline despite the fact that 80% of BC residents and the majority of Canadians are opposed to this project to pipe Alberta Tarsands Bitumen through British Columbia to load onto Supertankers that must navigate the coastal waters of Western Canada.
Final approval for the Enbridge Corporation’s Northern Gateway Pipeline remains in the hands of voters. Both British Columbia’s Premier Cristy Clark and Prime Minister Stephen Harper are under extreme coroporate pressure but they must also listen to voters if they want to be re-elected.
December 19, 2013 The National Energy Board’s Joint Review Panel approved the Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipeline Projec
In its summary the panel admitted; “environmental burdens may not be fully mitigated” and reported; “that opening Pacific Basin markets is important to the Canadian economy”
During community hearings held in 16 locations around BC the 3 person panel heard presentations from 1,161 people. Of those: 1,159 people spoke against the Enbridge Pipeline proposal and only 2 people spoke in favour.
The Panel made 209 recommendations, which Harper’s Conservatives have up to 6 months to adjust before the Federal Government makes final approval of the pipeline and supertankers. These recommendations are superficial, since the panel makes it clear that economics completely over-ride First Nations, environmental, and wildlife concerns while admitting that human error and equipment failures are certain.
The ENBRIDGE Corporation is spending $350 million on public relations campaigns to convince the public that the Northern Gateway Pipeline will be safe and benefit Canadians.
Bottom Line: OIL AND WATER DON’T MIX
Dispite the fact that 50% of Canadians oppose the Enbridge Corporation’s Northern Gateway Pipeline Project the Federal Government of Canada spent $1 million on a single TV ad promoting Alberta’s Tarsands and pipelines to BC’s coast. Millions of taxpayer dollars are being spent towards a Federal advertising campaign convincing Canadians about the need for pipelines to export oil to the Pacific Rim, particularly China. The Chinese government, through national corporations, is investing heavily in the Northern Gateway Pipeline and owns large portions of production in Alberta, pipeline, supertankers, and refineries in China.
On November 5, 2013 British Columbia Premier Christy Clark and Alberta Premier Alison Redford agreed to support oil pipelines through British Columbia. 80% of British Columbia residents are opposed to the Enbridge Corporation’s Northern Gateway Pipeline and the Supertankers they will bring to the west coast of Canada. Although the Alberta Premier stepped down, the Alberta Government is 110% behind the Enbridge plans for the Northern Gateway Pipeline.
There is a lot of information not being revealed about this ‘Tarsands Pipeline’ and a lot of deception about the impact on communities and the environment from Enbridge Corporation’s proposed Northern Gateway Pipeline. ‘Coastal Tarsands’ is a media project aiming to expose the reality facing the west coast of Canada so that the public has an opportunity to understand the truth and make informed decisions.
BOTTOM LINE: OIL & WATER DON’T MIX
Enbridge’s Oil Spill Record
Enbridge is responsible for
804 pipeline spills between 1999 and 2010
pouring approximately 161,475 barrels
(6.78 million US gallons or 25.67 million liters)
of crude oil into the natural environment
and causing the death of 9 people
due to Enbridge pipeline explosions.
reported by the Polaris Institute, Ottawa
Mainstream Media Reports May 5, 2013
Enbridge, the biggest oil and gas pipeline company in Canada, is breaking National Energy Board safety rules at 117 of its 125 pump stations across the country. That means 94% of Enbridge’s pump stations do not have the required shut-off value systems to stop the flow of oil in the event of a pipeline rupture. Federal regulations, introduced 15 years ago, require these emergency shut-off value systems. However government officials have not reported these violations by Enbridge. CBC NEWS LINK
Re: Supertanker Plans for BC Coast
How big is a Supertanker?
This Very Large Crude Carrier (VLCC) carries 302,986 tons equal to 2,166,350 barrels
equal to 344, 449, 634 liters of crude oil
This tanker holds the equivalent to
138 Olympic size swimming pools
Abqaiq-1 is named after the city in Saudi Arabia
Flag: Bahamas Built: 2002 DWT: 302,986 tons
Builder: Samsung Shipbuilding – Geoje, South Korea
Owner: Nscsa – Riyadh (National Shipping Co. of Saudi Arabia)
How much oil does a Supertanker hold?
DWT = Deadweight Tonnage
(carrying capacity of a ship)
An average VLCC is able to carry 2 million barrels of oil
A single barrel of oil is equal to 159 liters or 42 US Gallons
7.15 barrels of oil equals 1 metric ton
How Big is Big?
A Very Large Crude Carrier (VLCC) is 330 meters long
More than 3 times the length of BC Place’s field
How many tankers will Enbridge bring to the BC Coast?
According to mariner plans included in the Enbridge proposal for the Northern Gateway Pipeline Project, a variety of foreign Oil Super Tankers, owned by single entity multi-international corporations, operated by foreign crews, will export 500,000 barrels a day of Tar Sands Dilluted Bitumen Oil (DilBit) from Alberta to the world market, in particular China. Enbridge plans to navigate 225 supertankers through British Columbia’s central coast from a port they plan to build near Kitimat.
Oil Tanker sizes & quantities proposed for loading at Kitimat
(Numbers according to Enbridge)
Aframax (120,000 dwt) – 50 per year
Suez-max (up to 200,000 dwt) – 120 per year
Very Large Crude Carrier (VLCC)
(330,000 dwt) – 50 per year
Supertankers around the world sink and spill vast quantities oil into the marine environment every year.
Revealing Truth Behind Enbridge Plans
Tanker Traffic numbers jump
from 225 to more than 450
docking at Kitimat annually!
Enbridge has left out a few key facts in their presentations to the public. Significant points, which will greatly effect the coast and are not subject to the numbers game that industry and government keep publishing to dispute claims about the chances of an oil spill.
Condensate Natural Gas Tankers
Approximatley 225 additional supertankers a year will also be making the journey from China to Kitimat. These will not be crude oil tankers, instead they will be ships designed to carry compressed natural gas. The Northern Gateway Project calls for natural gas condensate to be imported from Asia at the rate of 193,000 barrels a day because Bitumen, extracted from the Alberta Tarsands in a near solid state, is the heaviest and thickest form of petroleum on earth. Bitumen does not flow freely and must be dilluted with natural gas condensate to allow it to flow down the pipeline as a produduct known as Dilluted Bitumen or DilBit. Therefore Enbridge is building a twin pipeline from Northern Alberta to the coast of BC. One pipeline to carry Dilbit from the Alberta Tarsands to the coast at Kitimat and another pipeline to carry natural gas condensate shipped from China to northern Alberta’s Tarsands. Double the pipeline means double the tankers! Therefore the actual number of tankers navigating the inside passage of British Columbia will be 450. This is double the amount reported to the public by the Enbridge Corporation.
225 pressurized tanker carriers will arrive annually
loaded with liquefied Condensate Natural Gas from China.
These tankers are completely different from Tarsands DilBit Tankers
225 Supertanker will be loaded with DilBit at Kitimat annually
Tankers designed to carry Tarsands DilBit come in a range of sizes.
250 pressurized LNG carriers will arrive at Kitimat to load 25 million tons of Liquefied Natural Gas every year.
This is based on a promise made by BC Premier Christie Clark, to export Natural Gas produced by fracking in BC’s interior. This plan involves building pipelines to Kitimat where massive plants will be constructed to pressurize and refrigerate the gas to temperatures below -150 Celsius, so that it can be loaded onboard LNG carriers bound for Asia. Consdensate Gas and LNG are similar products and they will be passing each other on tankers arriving from China and bound for the Asia.
How does an oil spill get cleaned-up?
Scraping oil off rocks and sand has proven not to be effective at spills around the world. Floats in the water do not contain oil if there are any waves, winds, or currents. Cleaning the beaches in the Gulf of Mexico proved to be impossible even after spending billions of dollars. 25 years after the oil spill from the Exxon Valdez in Alaska people are still finding vast quantities of undesturbed oil on the beaches, under rocks, and below the surface of tidal sand. The verdict is still out weather Dilluted Bitumen (Dilbut) floats or sinks in ocean water. The Federal Government of Canada has gone to great efforts to insure that nobody completes research to find out if Dilbut will sink and cover the entire floor of the inlets along the Central Coast of British Columbia or simply float on the surface to be carried great distances as was the case with the Exxon Valdez. Either way a spill will be catastophic to the complex marine ecosystem.